2016/08/07

Heavenly Stems

 

The ten heavenly stems (天干) or ten stems (十干) are an ancient China|Chinese cyclic numeral system. They were first used for dates in the Shang Dynasty, and are now used with the twelve Earthly Branches in the Sexagesimal cycle in the Chinese calendar and in Chinese astrology. They are associated with Yin Yang and the Five Elements.

Heavenly
Stem
Chinese
name
Yin Yang
Element
1
jiǎ
yang
wood (classical element)|wood
2
yin
3
bǐng
yang
fire (classical element)|fire
4
dīng
yin
5
w?
yang
earth (classical element)|earth
6
yin
7
gēng
yang
metal (classical element)|metal
8
xīn
yin
9
r?n
yang
water (classical element)|water
10
guǐ
yin


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