2016/07/07

A Myth Behind One Piece of Miao Embroidery Cloth


Liu Zhongchang is a Miao Lady. Jointly with her Partner, she is Operating a Shop on the Financial institutions of Cuihu Lake, in Kunming, Exactly where they Offer with fabrics of the Miao and of other minorities of China. For them the Way of life of the minorities is not a Company but a Enthusiasm. In this Part she Gives us a Short explanation about the Natural symbolism in a Miao jacket. It is not a Typical jacket, but In between their cloths they Nonetheless have Other people Comparable to it.


This is a Miao jacket. It Arrives from the Miao Area of Shitong Village, in Taijiang County, Guizhou Province.

The Sort of embroidery Employed to make these drawings is the Technique Named "Posha". This is a Method Generally Employed by Miao Girls in Areas west of Hunan Province and southeastern Guizhou Province. Shitong Village is Especially Well-known for Utilizing this Technique. A silk thread is split into Many finer threads that are Employed Later on for embroidery, Providing the cloth a Wonderful shine and a singular Looks. Later on the cloth is dyed and cooked in Warm Drinking water with Chinese language h1y locust. The Chinese language h1y locust Can make the cloth not Turn out to be raveled, and it Can make it Show up softer and Additional shining. Two Times Later on, when it is Currently Chilly, the Styles are embroidered on the Surface area of that cloth.

The Back again of this jacket has nine Sectors, Each and every 1 Can make reference to an episode Associated with the Background and the mythology of the Miao.



We can see here in detail the narrative organization of the stories included in this cloth. In the center we see one of the most popular heroines of the Miao people. According to our legends she was born from a clam in a river.


This figure of the inferior part of this cloth makes reference to a Miao personage very famous between us. His name is Zhang Xiumei. We can see him riding on a great dragon, with a sword in the hand, ready to make war to our enemies.


Here we see a scene of our mythology, in which a cow turns into a dragon. Its body has been already completely transformed, but we see that its head and its horns are still those of a cow. The artist represents one of the last stages of its transformation.


Here we see a Chinese unicorn. It is an auspicious animal. Our legends tell that many, many, years ago, when there were neither people nor water. A hero riding on a unicorn, opened the mountain with his knife, letting the water flow.


This cloth is completely conserved, with all the original embroidery, because the owner thinks that if her children forget the way to embroider or the old histories of the Miao, observing this garment they will be able to remember. The sleeves also have embroideries related with the history and mythology of the Miao.


This bird is called "?ong Jibong" in Miao language. According to our legends in the old times the Miao hid in a cave of the mountain a treasure of gold and silver. The traditions say that only riding in this bird one will be able to get the treasure.


This Individual is Referred to as "Xong gong" in the Miao Speech. Our legends say that a Prolonged time ago in the sky there Had been twelve Sunlights and twelve moons. Individuals could not Perform with so A good deal heat, and Countless Had been about to die. This Individual, With no Dropping the Wish, ate nine cakes and flew up to the sky. Then he Employed his arch to shot arrows to eleven Sunlights and eleven moons, destroying them. In This kind of a way that now there are only a Sunlight and a moon. His Background is conserved in the Tracks of the Miao.

A Prolonged time ago in the Globe there was Practically nothing. All Close to was Dark. It didn't exist the Morning. Every little thing was Evening. They Make a decision to use gold to make the Sunlight, and silver to make the moon.


This is the Account of the Small rodent Jiwei Niao. In the Outdated Occasions, when there Have been Nonetheless not Folks, the Miao Named the butterfly "mama". The butterfly was born from a Chinese language program sweet gum tree. The butterfly is the ancestor of the Miao. Then the butterfly laid 12 eggs, but she cannot brood them. This Small rodent Jiwei Niao, seated on the 12 eggs Throughout twelve Many years. Of People eggs the twelve Pets of the zodiac Have been born. But the Small rodent was so tired of brood them so Very much time, that all its feathers dropped. Soon after ending up its twelve Many years of incubation the Jiwei Niao saw Extremely Eye-catching feathers grew Once more, as a magnificent brocade, with the figure of the butterfly and the Small rodent. EExtremelywhere Folks Miao respect the butterfly and the Small rodent Jiwei. EExtremelywhere, Whenever, they Retain their esteem to these two Pets. As we see in this drawing.


"Shushaxiu" is a Type of embroidery that can be translated as "counting the threads". Since, with a Quite Effortless loom, Girls make a Property-Created cloth counting 3 threads. Then they Hold out the "embroidery of piling" or "duixiu" and Scrub it in Warm Drinking water with Chinese language program honey locust so that it is not raveled, and it Gets shine and Gentle. Then they fold it in triangles and squares, bend it and pile it.

In this figure we see a swastika. It is an auspicious Indication, because it Implies "10 1, 000 blessings".



In this figure we see a fish that is about to become a dragon.


In this design we see a unicorn. One person with his knife ready is riding on it, he goes to make war against the Chinese. I think is an hero related to the wars of 19th century. As it is an auspicious animal, it is expected that it will help him to reach the victory.


This drawing narrates the Background of a new war in the Aged Instances. Miao Folks's Outfits, anyway, Invariably Display Specific esteem for the butterfly, the Small rodent Jiwei and our heroine Wen Maoxi. And their Pictures are Invariably in our Outfits. Our legends Inform that a star fell in the Roofing of her Home. Following 3 Times, she was born of her Mom. She grew Really Fast and she married a Youthful.

In that time, the Miao Have been in war with the Han that have invaded their lands. Her Partner went to the war, and she went with him. The dragon and other Creatures Guard her. In the battles she is Displayn defeating the enemies with her umbrella. She Experienced born a Child that Later on on will also make war. Always Assisted by Mountain Dragon and the Drinking water Dragon, she can stand in their umbrella and make war to their enemies. She was Battleing heroically, defeating the Potent enemies, when her Partner died heroically. Then she left the Battle.

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