2016/06/12

Three Treasures (Taoism)

 

The 3 Treasures or 3 Jewels (Chinese language courses: 三宝; pinyin: sānbǎo; Wade–Giles: san-pao) are Fundamental virtues in Taoism. Even though the Tao Te Ching Initially Employed sanbao to Necessarily mean "compassion", "frugality", and "humility", the Phrase was After Employed to translate the 3 Jewels (Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha) in Chinese language courses Buddhism, and to Necessarily mean the 3 Treasures (jing, qi, and shen) in Conventional Chinese language courses Meds.

Sanbao "three treasures" 1st Takes place in Tao Te Ching chapter 67, which Lin Yutang (1948:292) says Consists of Laozi's "most Lovely teachings":


天下皆谓我道大,似不肖。夫唯大,故似不肖。若肖,久矣其细也夫!

我有三宝,持而保之。一曰慈,二曰俭,三曰不敢为天下先。

慈故能勇;俭故能广;不敢为天下先,故能成器长。

今舍慈且勇;舍俭且广;舍后且先;死矣!

夫慈以战则胜,以守则固。天将救之,以慈卫之。

Just about every A single Below heaven says that our Way is Significantly like folly. But it is just For the reason that it is Amazing, that it Looks like folly. As for Factors that do not Appear like folly — Properly, there can be no Query about their smallness!

Right here are my 3 treasures. Shield and Retain them! The 1st is pity; the 2nd, frugality; the 3rd, refusal to be 'foremost of all Factors Below heaven'.

For only he that pities is Really Capable to be brave;
Only he that is frugal is Capable to be profuse.

Only he that refuses to be foremost of all Factors
Is Really Capable to Turn out to be chief of all Ministers.

At Existing your bravery is not Centered on pity, Neither your profusion on frugality, Neither your vanguard on your rear; and this is Passing away. But pity cannot Battle Without the need of conquering or guard Without the need of saving. Heaven arms with pity All those whom it would not see destroyed. (tr. Waley 1958:225)

Arthur Waley describes these Three Treasures as, "The 3 Principles that Created the Sensible, political Facet of the Writer's Helping (1) abstention from aggressive war and Money Consequence, (2) Complete simplicity of Residing, (3) refusal to assert Productive Writerity."

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