2016/03/25

Wine

China has an over 5000-year history of wine brewery. In China there is a legend of "Du Kang making the wine". Hence wine is also called Du Kang. About three thousand years ago, the Chinese people in the Shang and Zhou Dynasties created compound zymotechnics of yeast and brewed yellow wine on a large scale. About one thousand years ago, Chinese people in the Song Dynasty invented the method of distillation. And since then distilled spirit has become the main type of wine in China.

In the thousands of years of civilization, wine has permeated almost all aspects of social life. In ancient time wine was something indispensable for all important occasions, otherwise the rites could not be reckoned as completed. There must be wine for every important festival, which could increase the atmosphere of festivity. There must be wine for wedding ceremonies and funerals. Some monarchs had their empire lost because of their addiction to wine while some scholars left behind masterpieces after drinking wine. Wine is no longer something to be understood as purely material, it has evolved into a culture that plays an important role in social life.

The Most Aged Wine in China


The most aged wine in China: Han Dynasty imperial wine excavated in Xi'an. Some experts believe it is grain wine, others claim that it is yellow wine. The wine is still fragrant, mellow and drinkable.

The Oldest Wine Brewery


The oldest wine brewery: Lying in Yinggoutou, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, Luzhou Cellar-Aged Brewery (1200 square meters in area) was constructed in the reign of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty (1573). In the workshop there are cellar pools, stone ovens, stone distilling containers, high cauldron, and drying halls, which have been continuously in use for over 400 years. The ancient brewery technique is still followed today. In 2001 the workshop was included in Guinness World Records.

Wine Banner


Also called jiuwang, wine curtain, blue banner, and brocade banner, wine banner is the oldest form of advertisement, which appeared as early as over 2000 years ago. Since the Tang Dynasty, wine banner has developed into a very common shop sign, widely varying in colors and shapes.

Yellow Wine


Yellow wine is a special product of China. Also called rice wine, it belongs to the category of brewage and occupies an important position in the world’s three major brewages: yellow wine, red wine and beer. With unique brewery techniques, it has become the model and representative in oriental wine making. Of all the varieties of yellow wine, the oldest and most representative is rice wine of wheat yeast, as represented by Shaoxing yellow wine of Zhejiang Province.

Distilled Spirit


A kind of distilled spirit peculiar to China, it derives from distilling unstrained spirits or fermented mash of starch or sugar-containing material. It has many names, such as white spirit, Laobaigan, Shaodaozi, and the like. Colorless (or slightly yellow) and transparent, the distilled spirit has a pure fragrance and a lingering sweet taste. High in alcohol content, it has esters-dominated compound fragrance after process of storage and aging.

Wine and Healthcare


Human being's initial behavior of wine drinking might not have been for the sake of maintaining health, but wine drinking is closely related to healthcare and disease prevention. It is generally believed by experts that the first wine came from natural fermentation, in appropriate condition, of the remaining wild fruits collected by humans. Since many wild fruits have medicinal values, the first wine could be called the natural medicinal liquor, which certainly had some effects for the protection and improvement of human health.

Historical Storys about Chinese Wine - A Well of Wine(酒池肉林)


King Zhou of Shang Dynasty completed the most extravagant drinking in history. Intending to seek joy, the king ordered his people to build a well of wine and forced some people into the well to drink, some of which got drunk and was drowned.

Historical Storys about Chinese Wine - Hongmen Banquet(鸿门宴)


The most dangerous drinking perhaps took place in the Hongmen Banquet. At that time, Xiang Yu invited Liu Bang to the banquet and planned to kill him. But Liu Bang escaped this disaster with his wisdom and the help of his ministers and soon became the first king of Han Dynasty.

Historical Storys about Chinese Wine - Strengthening Power Due to a Cup of Wine(杯酒释兵权)


The most dangerous drinking perhaps took place in the Hongmen Banquet. At that time, Xiang Yu invited Liu Bang to the banquet and planned to kill him. But Liu Bang escaped this disaster with his wisdom and the help of his ministers and soon became the first king of Han Dynasty.

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