2011/11/13

Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses

  Terracotta Pit 1
  The Third Excavation of Pit 1
  Terracotta Pit 2
  Terracotta Pit 3
  Accessory Pits
  Lifelike Terra Cotta Figures
  Green-Faced Terracotta Warrior
  Dressing of Terracotta Warriors
  Bronze Chariots and Horses
  Bronze Cranes & Acrobatics Figures
  Exquisite Weaponry of Terra Cotta Army
  Military Formation of Terracotta Army
  Qin Terra Cotta Artisans
  From Rudiment to the Masterwork
  Stories of Terracotta Warriors
Xian Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses Museum

 Terracotta Warriors Pictures

 Terracotta Warriors Video

The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. Work is ongoing at this site, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum in Lintong, Xian, Shaanxi Province. It is a sight not to be missed by any visitor to China.

Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13 (in 246 BC), Qin Shi Huang, later the first Emperor of all China, had begun to work for his mausoleum. It took 11 years to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life. A group of peasants uncovered some pottery while digging for a well nearby the royal tomb in 1974. It caught the attention of archeologists immediately. They came to Xian in droves to study and to extend the digs. They had established beyond doubt that these artifacts were associated with the Qin Dynasty (211-206 BC).
Terracotta warriors stand in battle array.
Terracotta warriors stand in battle array.
Our Group Tour to Terra-cotta Warriors
Group Tour to Terra-cotta Warriors
The State Council authorized to build a museum on site in 1975. When completed, people from far and near came to visit. Xian and the Museum of Qin Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses have become landmarks on all travelers' itinerary.

Life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the star features at the museum. They are replicas of what the imperial guard should look like in those days of pomp and vigor.

The museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters, divided into three sections: No. 1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No. 3 Pit respectively. They were tagged in the order of their discoveries. No. 1 Pit is the largest, first opened to the public on China's National Day, 1979. There are columns of soldiers at the front, followed by war chariots at the back.
No. 2 Pit, found in 1976, is 20 meters northeast of No. 1 Pit. It contained over a thousand warriors and 90 chariots of wood. It was unveiled to the public in 1994.Archeologists came upon No. 3 Pit also in 1976, 25 meters northwest of No. 1 Pit. It looked like to be the command center of the armed forces. It went on display in 1989, with 68 warriors, a war chariot and four horses.
Terracotta army stand at attention.
Terracotta warriors stand at attention.
Bronze chariot and horses
Bronze Chariot and Horses
Altogether over 7,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits. Most of them have been restored to their former grandeur.

Since Oct. 1st, 2010 the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum have been combined into one large tourist area, which also includes three other small sites opened in October 1, 2011. The Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum and the nearby three unopened sites (namely the Museum of Terracotta Acrobatics, the Museum of Terracotta Civil Officials and the Museum of Stone Armor) constitute the so-called Lishan Garden. Besides, 30 free shuttle buses have been available for visitors' convenience to travel between the Lishan Garden and the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses from then on.

The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses is a sensational archeological find of all times. It has put Xian on the map for tourists. It was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world cultural heritages.

Entrance Fee:
CNY110 including the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum,  the Museum of Terracotta Acrobatics, the Museum of Terracotta Civil Officials, the Museum of Stone Armor and shuttle buses inside the scenic area.
Ticket Selling Hours: 08:30-17:30 (March 16-Nov.14); 08:30-17:00 (Nov.15-March 15)
Transportation:
From Xian Xianyang International Airport:

Visitors can take Airport Shuttle Line 2 to Xian Railway Station. The bus departs every hour from 10:15 to 19:15 at 1F of T2 and the ticket costs CNY 25. From Xian Railway Station, take tourism bus no.5 (306), bus no.914, 915 and get off at the final station.

Visitors can also hire a taxi to the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses from Xian Xianyang International Airport. Remember to take the legitimate green colored taxies and the fee is about CNY 200. Please make it clear to the taxi driver that you only go to the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses and refuse to go to other scenic sites including souvenir shops.

From downtown Xian:

Take tourism bus no.5 (306) from the east square of Xian Railway Station or 307 from the south gate of Tang Paradise and get off at Bing Ma Yong (Qin Tarracotta Warriors and Horses) station. The whole journey takes about one hour.

From Lintong District:

Take bus 914, 915 or Speical Line 101 and get off at Terracotta Warrior Museum. The whole journey takes about 15 minutes.

Getting Around:

30 shuttle buses are traveling between the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum for tourists' convenience. One can take them for free by showing the entrance ticket.
Recommended

 Time for a Visit:
Three hours

Related link: Terracotta Warriors Sale

 Recommended Tours including the visit to Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses:

Terracotta Warriors Tour: One-day to visit Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Xian Impression: 4 Days to Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum & Mt. Huashan

More Xian Tours

Transportation to Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses for print


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